U.S. Energy Information Administration - EIA - Independent Statistics and Analysis


 · A truck used to carry sand for fracking is washed at a truck stop on Feb. 4, , in Odessa, Texas. Photo by Spencer Platt/Getty Images Signs .

More than chemicals found near fracking wells, some of them are known endocrine disruptors.

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Based on the most recent data from states, EIA estimates that natural gas production from hydraulically fractured wells now makes up about two-thirds of total U.

This share of production is even greater than the share of crude oil produced using that method, where hydraulic fracturing accounts for about half of current U.

Hydraulic fracturing , often in combination with horizontal drilling, involves forcing a liquid primarily water under high pressure from a wellbore against a rock formation until it fractures.

The fracture lengthens as the high-pressure liquid in the wellbore flows into the formation. This injected liquid contains a proppant, or small, solid particles usually sand or a manmade granular solid of similar size , that fills the expanding fracture.

When the injection is stopped and the pressure is reduced, the formation attempts to settle back into its original configuration, but the proppant keeps the fractures open. This allows hydrocarbons to flow from the rock formation back to the wellbore and then to the surface. When tight markets start to give way to excess capacity, American companies tend to be quite nimble at seeking better terms, renegotiating contracts, and generally taking advantage of the altered dynamic.

Finally, there is the discipline corporate America is best at: Halliburton this week announced it would slash 6, jobs. The Houston Chronicle reported in January that Anthony Petrello, the chief executive officer of driller Nabors Industries, who is famous for his high compensation, cut his own salary by 10 percent. Some wells will undoubtedly close, and many oil-related companies will certainly go bust.

Many more oil workers will lose their jobs. But the efforts at continuous improvement combined with evasive action mean a lot more profitable activity can take place at these prices than previously thought.

And as a result, the fallout will be limited. Compared with other global oil producing powers—Nigeria, Venezuela, Russia—the impact of lower prices will be much smaller in the U. Cheap oil will produce much less economic dislocation, much less disruption to federal revenue collections, and less political instability. A truck used to carry sand for fracking is washed at a truck stop on Feb. Monthly Oil Production in Slate logo Sign In Sign Up. Injecting wastewater deep underground is responsible for the surge of earthquakes in Oklahoma and other regions.

Fracking companies are making HUGE money by crippling the environment with plastic. Geoscientist analyzes how contaminants, including bacteria and viruses, move through groundwater. People who live near oil and gas facilities in Colorado are at increased risk of cancer. Fracking pollutes the water; chemicals contribute to breast cancer by causing uncontrolled cell division.

Methane pollution much higher in Pennsylvania than the state admits, warns environmental group. Stable energy for America: Natural gas supply in the eastern U. S is growing faster than demand. Fracking waste is radioactive and endangers human health — there is NO safe way to dispose of it. Is natural gas contaminating your water?

Multiple studies have detected harmful bacteria in Texas groundwater near extraction sites.