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The Western European Union (WEU) was the international organisation and military alliance that succeeded the Western Union (WU) after the amendment of the Treaty of Brussels.

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Shopped too much on Fifth Ave? We'll reload your forex card in no time. Want peace of mind? Deutschlandvertrag of formally named the EDC as a prerequisite of the end of Allied occupation of Germany, and there was a desire to include Germany in the Western defence architecture.

Although the WEU established by the Modified Brussels Treaty was significantly less powerful and ambitious than the original Western Union, German membership of the WEU was considered sufficient for the occupation of the country to end in accordance with the General Treaty.

The signatories of the Paris Agreements stated their three main objectives in the preamble to the Modified Brussels Treaty:. The social and cultural aspects of the Treaty of Brussels were handed to the Council of Europe CoE to avoid duplication of responsibilities. On 1 January in accordance with the decision taken on 21 October by the Council of Western European Union and with Resolution 59 23 adopted on 16 November by the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe, the WEU activities in social and cultural areas Social Committee, Public Health Committee, Joint Committee on the Rehabilitation and Resettlement of the Disabled and Cultural Committee were transferred to the Council of Europe which was already running programmes in these fields.

In , the WEU adopted the Petersberg Declaration , defining the so-called Petersberg tasks designed to cope with the possible destabilising of Eastern Europe. The WEU itself had no standing army but depended on cooperation between its members. Its tasks ranged from the most modest to the most robust, and included Humanitarian , rescue and peacekeeping tasks as well as tasks for combat forces in crisis management , including peacemaking.

In the United Kingdom, which had traditionally opposed the introduction of European autonomous defence capacities, signed the Saint-Malo declaration. This marked a turning point as the declaration endorsed the creation of a European security and defense policy, including a European military force capable of autonomous action. His being head of both organisations permits him to oversee the ongoing transfer of functions from the WEU to the EU.

In the Berlin agreement from was amended with the so-called Berlin Plus agreement , which allowed the EU to also draw on some of NATO's assets in its own peacekeeping operations. Originally, under the Amsterdam Treaty , the WEU was given an integral role in giving the EU an independent defence capability, playing a major role in the Petersberg tasks ; however that situation is changing. But the Assembly saw itself as playing an important role, particularly with greater right of scrutiny, membership, experience and expertise in defence policy.

Therefore, it renamed itself the "Interim European Security and Defence Assembly" and urged the European Convention to include it as a second chamber within the EU's institutional framework. However, with the European Constitution aiming to streamline and simplify the EU's foreign policy, for example combining the two main foreign policy posts, it was not seen as wise to then create a separate double legislature for the CFSP, instead, the European Parliament was granted greater scrutiny over foreign policy.

A Parliamentary Assembly composed of the delegations of the member states to the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe supervised the work of the Council, but it did not have any obligations on the Council. The Assembly of WEU was a consultative institution. Its membership reached 19 in The body closed on 23 May It provided support services in defence research and technology.

It was created in , and closed in August Eurofor became operational in June as a task force of the Western European Union. The Western European Union had ten member countries, six associate member countries, five observer countries and seven associate partner countries.

On 14 June , WEU President Solana stated that there was no foreseeable reason to change the status of the non member countries in the organisation. These are the only nations that had full voting rights. The following missions, mainly in the Balkans, were deployed by the WEU: This leaflet outlines the WEU's cultural and social non-military structures and activities before they were transferred to the Council of Europe in From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Part of a series on the. Pre ideas — — — — —present. History of Europe History of the euro History of defence integration History of enlargement. Treaty of Brussels and Western Union alliance. Common Security and Defence Policy. Assembly of the Western European Union. List of military and civilian missions of the European Union.

European Union portal Military history portal. The elusive quest for European security: House of Commons of the United Kingdom.